城市繁荣计划工具

城市繁荣计划工具

1. 繁荣圈分析

城市认知调查是以一个以业务和公民为中心的绩效监管改革方法中不可或缺的部分,以此协助政府在公众参与制度中取得更好的成果。繁荣圈表格提供了一种综合的方法,它建立在感知调查基础上,可以更全面地了解城市地区。

繁荣圈表旨在评估人们如何理解和感受不同层面的繁荣,为感知到的城市的繁荣和可持续性提供定性反馈。通过对定性调查的反馈,“繁荣圈”根据对城市和城市地区可持续发展的城市认知调查进行评估。认知调查为当地政府提供了与公民和城市专家交流互动的机会。政府可以系统地反馈城市繁荣水平,促进更多参与决策和城市管理过程,重视利益相关者在决策过程中的根本作用。

繁荣圈分析提供了一个全面的城市简介报告,旨在作为城市的解释性描述。分析强调了繁荣不同层面的差异和差距,以改善城市管理。城市简介简报将通过专家意见解读城市状况,认识到城市的分析关系和关键的地方差异。繁荣圈旨在成为整合和指导城市繁荣指数深入定量分析的初步工具。在认识到需要采用创新的评估城市繁荣水平的方法之后,FIABCI正在与人居署合作,开发繁荣圈评估方法论。

 

2. 城市繁荣指数

城市繁荣指数是一个综合指数,用于衡量一个城市在六个维度上的整体成就。 城市繁荣指数衡量了城市如何创造和分配社会经济效益和繁荣。该指数由城市级数据计算得来,因此可以在不同的城市区域尺度上应用。城市繁荣指数反馈在城市规模层面上的信息,在数据可以收集到情况下,也可以达到社区级别。在大都市尺度规模上,该指数可以检测比较不同市或区之间的繁荣程度的先进性,建立市政府之间的联系和明晰城市地区发展的连锁反应。在全国范围内,该指数提供了深入的关于全国城市,国家领土,地理,管理和历史等方面的信息。

 

 

城市繁荣指数是一种灵活的监测框架,以一种渐进的方式建立,从而可以更好地回应城市的现状需求,并创造性地应对各种挑战和机会。现在的城市繁荣指数正在逐渐完善和增加:                                                                                                                        

  • 全球城市排名作为一个全球性的比较平台,每个城市都可以评估自己的情况,并将其速度和当下的表现与全球其他城市进行比较。
  • The Basic Index uses a set of commonly available indicators that exist among all cities, acting as a platform for regional/national benchmarking and for comparison purposes.
  • The Extended Index provides the possibility to integrate contextual aspects of the city, including the possibility to understand and measure city comparative advantages which allows a detailed political and technical dialogue.

UN-Habitat has included an important innovation in the CPI index by integrating spatial indicators and analysis in the different dimensions of prosperity. According to UN-Habitat, adequate provisioning of streets and public spaces are associated with urban prosperity and better street-connectivity. In order to measure this fundamental dimension of the urban form, UN-Habitat has created a composite indicator made of three variables – land allocated to streets, street density and intersection density. The CPI index recognizes the need of geospatial data, adequate technology and management systems to complement high-quality official statistics. Spatially disaggregated data provides relevant information on local-level allocation of resources and the monitoring of equitable outcomes across and within cities and human settlements.

 

3. The Policy Evaluation Model

The strong integration and connection between the different dimensions and indicators of the CPI allows an a priori policy evaluation. In fact, after the analysis of trends and patterns conducted through the Circle of Prosperity and the City Prosperity Index methodology, it is possible to anticipate the impact of a positive improvement on a wider range of indicators and corresponding dimensions of the CPI.

The Policy Evaluation Model shows in a clear and comprehensive way the impacts and outcomes of different urban policies affecting several dimensions of the city prosperity. In particular, the Policy Evaluation Model intends to analyze how different urban policies generate impact paths affecting the CPI prosperity dimensions, which can be measured through the CPI indicators. The objective of the CPI Policy Evaluation Model is to assist the decision-makers, when selecting policies and interventions for implementing sustainable urbanization, providing a priori evaluation of the policies’ impacts in order to formulate comprehensive and ad-hoc Action Plans on the basis of the CPI diagnosis.

The interdependence among the CPI dimensions is assessed using quantitative methodologies like statistic regressions and spatial analysis, following an Urban Metabolism approach. This approach, starting from models developed to facilitate the description and analysis of the flows of materials, energy and economic resources within cities, provides a methodological framework suited to study the interactions of natural, human and economic systems in specific geographical areas. Building on this methodology, the Policy Evaluation Model analyzes the key correlations among different urban indicators affected by specific urban policies.